The Royal Dutch Zoological Society was founded in 1872. As stated in the Aims, the society aims to 'promote zoological research in the widest sense'. To this end, the society's main activities are:

    The journal Animal Biology (previously Netherlands Journal of Zoology, before that Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie), which is published on behalf of the KNDV. Animal Biology is an international scientific journal catering for all aspects of modern zoology.

The Society founded the Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ). In 1990 the NIOZ separated from the KNDV and is now under the auspices of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). Today, NIOZ is the second largest of NWO's national centres of expertise. A legacy truly to be proud of.